Understanding changes in the dynamics through which the city and its territories are constructed and transformed

Far from being set in stone, cities and their territories undergo numerous transformations. These changes are the result of dynamics produced by the interaction between actors, interests and resources. They have a material expression: they are visible in the transformation of the urban fabric, its expansion or shrinkage. They are economic, transforming the economic fabric. They are also social, with changes in populations’ living conditions and the resulting tensions or initiatives. Yet above and beyond their sectorial designation, these dynamics are the result of cities’ organisation and governance, and of elements catalysing their evolution.


  • What economic, social, territorial and political dynamics are transforming cities? According to what modalities?

  • What actors are participating in these dynamics?

  • How are they changing cities and their territories?

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